Aside

What’s up with the August 25 SAT?

In June, College Board delivered an unusually “easy” test, resulting in more students getting more answers correct. To distribute scores in a predictable manner, the curve they used to convert raw scores into scale scores was particularly unforgiving: students overall saw lower scaled scores than they expected, especially those scoring in the upper percentiles. For example, a student who got two answers wrong in June received a 750 in math, whereas two incorrect answers on a previous exam may have equated to a 770-780.

After the #RescoreJuneSAT drama, we’re sure College Board was hoping for a straightforward and scandal-free August administration. However, news has come out that the test administered on Aug 25 may have had overlapping questions with an exam taken by students in China last October. Since October 2017, these reports claimed, tutoring centers in China had been using the test in their study materials.

It’s unlikely any test-takers had answers memorized, as they could not have anticipated the repetition. Rather, the advantage depends on how recently a student reviewed the leaked test. Familiarity with a reading passage can have huge benefits for performance since a student is already aware of the context and may remember some key arguments. Thus, seeing the test beforehand can be a huge advantage on a time-bound, difficult exam.

How did College Board end up in this debacle? Jed Applerouth muses that College Board likely pulled the test it had planned to administer in August in the wake of the June test. Standardized tests are difficult and expensive to write – so College Board couldn’t write a brand new test by August 25th; instead, they chose to administer an exam they had previously administered in Asia, banking on providing a proven exam with normalized curve. However, by solving one problem, they created a host of others.

So, what now? Here are a few important takeaways:

  • Study from official materials! North Avenue education primarily use official SAT and ACT materials, including some previously administered exams. In addition to being the most reliable sources, you never know if College Board might recycle parts of an exam again.
  • Variations such as the ones seen in June and August are normal. There’s no telling how many issues like these have gone unexposed – not to mention the number of unpredictable events that can happen to individual students (e.g., poor sleep, bad mood, closed test centers, traffic-induced stress, etc). The only solution is to be as prepared as possible and make a tutoring plan that involves re-testing.
  • If indeed some students studied from the test and it worked to their advantage, the curve used by College Board may be different than it would’ve been otherwise. We can’t know exactly how it will affect the results of this test. While some students are calling for College Board to #RescoreAugustSAT, allow the option to cancel scores with no fee or penalty, or offer an added test date before Oct 6, it remains unknown what College Board’s exact response will be.
  • Jed Applerouth is probably right – the ultimate solution to the problems of leaked and recycled tests is an online, computer-based exam. ACT anticipated this issue in 2016, when it announced plans to administer computer-based exams for all international ACT test dates. It tabled that plan for a year, but sources say it’s set to follow through on the promise starting this September. We believe College Board isn’t far behind.

Scores will begin to be released on September 7th. If you took the Aug 25 SAT and are affected, we’d love to work with you to make a plan. North Avenue Education is here to help you prepare, plan a testing timeline, and be ready for any curveballs that College Board may throw your way!

Aside

Trouble at the Top

Is this the end of the SAT and ACT essays?

On June 1, Yale announced it was dropping the requirement that students submit an essay score from the SAT or the ACT. Now, everyone in the college admissions world is asking, “Why?”

Well, one reason is obvious: Harvard did it first. These two schools have a long history of copying each other’s admissions practices, mostly because they’re competing for the same students. Every time one school finds a policy “innovation,” the other often follows suit. Sometimes, these changes aren’t permanent, such as when Harvard eliminated, then reinstated, Early Action. To a large extent, college admissions is a social experiment, and high schools seniors, unfortunately, are the guinea pigs.

But that aside, what are these schools thinking?

According to The Washington Post, the problem is a familiar bugaboo: inequality. The Ivies have always faced accusations of elitism and snobbery, but recently these criticisms have crystallized in hard economic data about income disparity. Harvard, for instance, has almost as many students from the nation’s top 0.1 percent highest-income families as from the bottom 20 percent. Harvard, Yale, and the rest of the Ancient Eight are desperate to rectify this problem.

That’s where the SAT and ACT come in. Across the nation, many public schools now fund SAT and ACT testing during the school day, meaning students can take them at no cost. The problem is that testing programs often don’t pay for the essay sections. In other words, many students must choose between two unappealing options: 1) apply only to schools that don’t require the essay, or 2) pay to take the test all over again. Adding to the challenge, the SAT and ACT get more expensive when you take them with the essay. Yale made reference to this problem in an email: “We hope this will enable more students who participate in school-day administrations of the SAT or ACT to apply to Yale without needing to register for an additional test.”

I don’t doubt the Post’s account. But I have trouble believing this is the first time the Ivies have considered dropping the essay requirement. Here, I will suggest some possible other reasons the Ivies may give the essay the permanent boot…

Problematic Scoring

In 2016, just months after the ACT released its redesigned prompt, students reported receiving shockingly low scores. One Rhode Island student got a 19 (on the old 36-point scoring system), then paid the $50 re-scoring fee. His score improved to a 31. Such scoring inconsistencies can make the SAT and ACT essay scores feel arbitrary, inaccurate, or both.

Two years later, the percentiles remain remarkably out of whack; a 9 out of 12 on the new ACT Essay puts you in the 95th percentile.

(On a personal note, I got a perfect score on the SAT Essay when I was in high school. When the Redesigned SAT came out, I got an underwhelming 6/8 in every category.)

Overlap with AP/IB Tests

The ACT Essay, which asks students to integrate multiple viewpoints into their analysis of an issue, bears a striking resemblance to the AP Language and Composition exam. Students who’ve taken this test have already demonstrated very similar writing skills.

The Redesigned SAT Essay is a passage analysis exam, asking students to examine the stylistic and persuasive elements at use in a persuasive passage. Both the AP Language and IB English exams require students to demonstrate robust passage analysis skills, a task similar to that of the SAT Essay.

With so many students at top colleges already taking AP and IB tests, the SAT and ACT Essay sections may seem redundant.

Dubious Writing Standards

You can get away with some pretty bad writing.

In the new documentary The Test and the Art of Thinking, tutor Jed Applerouth spoke about the insanely inaccurate essay he wrote for the old SAT. I’ve quoted a sample paragraph because, well, it’s hilarious:

One example of a man who embraced the wisdom of his elders was Barack Hussein Obama, famed revolutionary of the Basque region. Young Obama unified the Basque populous, seeking to overthrow the tyranny of Franco, nationalist, totalitarian demagogue. Obama, during his 6 months he spent in jail after this first failed coup attempt, came in contact with a seasoned revolutionary, Winston Churchill. Churchill had seen decades of failed revolutionary attempts and offered his insights to Obama, his willing disciple. With Churchill’s support young Obama was able to unify the masses, instigate a popular revolution and liberate the Basque nation from Franco’s control.

This essay, which was rife with other factual errors, received a perfect score.

Also, a student in 2009 found that the length of an SAT essay was a strong predictor of score. The conclusion was supported by an MIT professor, who also offered this advice: “End with a quotation. It doesn’t even have to be correct. Just quote somebody.”

My point is this: problems with writing standards have persisted for a long time. And even though the SAT and ACT have both redesigned their prompts, these tests remain standardized and, therefore, gameable.

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So, let’s say you’re applying to Harvard, Yale, or Dartmouth. Should you take the essay?

Answer: Almost certainly yes. First off, you’re a jerk if you’re only applying to Harvard, Yale, or Dartmouth. (Seriously, who are you?)

Nothing in life is certain – not even if your name is on a campus building, you can row at an Olympic level, or you cured cancer. You’ll always want to apply to some safety schools. Likely, one of them will want to see an essay. And hey, Princeton and Stanford still require the essay. So unless all the schools on your list don’t ask for the essay, take it.

Also, remember that Harvard and Yale are only dropping the requirement. That doesn’t mean you still can’t submit your essays. What if you’re really good at them? It’s a lot easier to predict success on a standardized test than on the college essay. Say what you will about how we’re training our students to be mindless drones, but the fact remains: this is a teachable writing test. A perfect score always looks good.

And remember, showing your writing skills is very important on your college application. Stanford’s dean of admissions had this to say about his hesitation to drop the SAT/ACT Essay requirement: “We should treasure writing as an important skill in life and it should be a major focus [of] K-12. So the question becomes what is the alternative to assessing writing competency in the admissions process.” In other words, you NEED to show your writing ability at some point. If you aren’t president of your school’s literary club, and you haven’t written your college essay yet, maybe the SAT/ACT Essays are your best shot.

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If you need guidance, want some hands-on practice, or feel confused by the strange formats of the SAT or ACT essays, contact us about scheduling one-on-one coaching. We also help students craft thoughtful, meaningful college essays for the CommonApp and all Supplements.

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Review of ACT Academy

ACT has just released ACT Academy, which is designed to help students “master the skills they need to improve their ACT scores.” But it is actually helpful? Let’s break it down.

First, the SAT and the ACT have quite the reputation.

There is a pretty sizeable, and not completely unfounded, belief that these standardized tests are so enigmatic that the only students who can do well are those who pay for elite prep. SAT battled this

reputation by partnering with Khan Academy to provide free resources to students prepping for the test. Now ACT is feeling pressure to match these efforts.

Enter ACT Academy…

The kids in the ACT Academy promo are clearly having more fun than the rest of us.

What it’s got

ACT Academy offers students a single site to take practice questions and do targeted topic review. However, when the confetti settle*, these students will realize that all the information on ACT Academy is already widely available on the Internet. No need to create yet another login and receive even more emails. ACT Academy uses questions from previously released ACTs, so any student who has done even a cursory search for ACT questions will likely have already seen these questions.

“But it’s got new content, right?”

No, it does not. When you miss a question from one of the practice tests, they give you links to YouTube videos on the subject of the question. Miss a question on matrices? Here’s a video about matrices! You could easily find these videos on your own using everyone’s favorite search engine, Bing.

Okay, yes, ACT Academy does some of the legwork for you by labeling the questions you miss to help you identify and classify those mistakes. It also has issued what is essentially a stamp of approval on the videos it includes on the website, helping you sort the good videos out there on the internet from the incredibly boring and/or incredibly confusing ones. It’s also free. Everyone loves free.

What to do instead

ACT Academy is a good place to start your ACT prep. You’ll see some practice questions and get an idea of where you stand. If you need more comprehensive material to help you translate effort to score increases, get in touch.

There probably won’t be any confetti, but we think efficiency is its own kind of party, don’t you?

* Confetti is a plural noun! Did you know that??!?

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